Xiaomi is known as a developer friendly OEM. Xiaomi provides all the support needed to a developer to test their new apps and custom UIs. The first and foremost step for modifying any Android smartphone is to unlock its bootloader and getting the root access.
In this article, we are going to root Xiaomi Mi 11X/POCO F3/Redmi K40 via Magisk but without using the TWRP (aka TeamWin Recovery Project). The steps are a bit tricky but that is for the first time, from next time, it will be a piece of cake.
What is Rooting?
While it might sound scary, rooting simply refers to the act of obtaining access to commands, system files, and folder locations that are usually locked off for the user. Rooting Android can be thought of as promoting yourself from a system user to an administrator; with the additional freedom and risks that come from more control over the deeper workings of your device. With great power come great responsibility and all that!
More specifically, adding root to Android means becoming a superuser, which is a Linux function that you may be familiar with. In many ways then, you could view this more as restoring a function that should have been there, to begin with!
Rooting is no longer always essential for flashing a custom ROM, however, it is advisable to root Android in some cases to make use of the most interesting features.
How Rooting Actually Works?
Usually, rooting is a three-step affair: Unlock the bootloader, flash a new recovery, then use the new recovery to flash a ZIP file that will give you root access.
The first thing you need is an unlocked bootloader. For most popular devices, there’s some kind of workaround to unlock the bootloader. Before going forward, check if your device’s bootloader can be unlocked via a quick Google search.
Once the bootloader is unlocked, the next thing is to switch from the system recovery to custom recovery. A third-party recovery like TWRP lets you do things like flash zips, install tweaks, make backups, and execute commands. We’ll use our new recovery to flash a.ZIP that will give us root access.
Root Xiaomi M1 11X/POCO F3/Redmi K40
Step1: Setup Fastboot and ADB
What is ADB
ADB stands for Android Debug Bridge, it is a command-line tool, and by using ADB you can access each part of your Android through the command line. It is a tool used to flash TWRP recovery and also to unlock Bootloaders.
What is Fastboot
Fastboot is a protocol that is used to re-flash the system partition on your Android device. It is a small yet powerful tool that comes up with the Android SDK (Software Developer Kit) which is an alternative to all the recovery mode installations and updates. While re-flashing the system partition Fastboot requires a device with an unlocked bootloader.
According to Android Central, Fastboot is three different things within the same name, it is
- A protocol for communication between your phone hardware and a computer.
- Software that runs on the phone when in Fastboot/bootloader mode.
- The executable file on the computer you use to make them talk to each other.
All Android devices don’t have a user-accessible Fastboot mode, it is possible just after Nexus devices have enabled the fastboot mode by default. Some independent Android developers and tech enthusiasts make the Fastboot mode possible on some different phones.
We have written a comprehensive guide to setup fastboot and ADB in any operating system like Windows, Linux, and macOS, check that out to set it up properly,
How to Install ADB and Fastboot?
Step 2: Unlock Bootloader
The bootloader is the piece of software on your phone that boots up the system recovery and the operating system. When you boot up the phone, this is the first piece of software that runs. Or simply bootloader is Lowest level software on your phone that starts up recoveries and then the main operating system.
And unlocking bootloader means you are opening the only way to temper the core operating system, the functions varies from rooting the system and providing the main system access and replacing the default operating system with any other stock Android OS or any other custom UI based on Android.
We have written a comprehensive guide to unlock the bootloader on Xiaomi Mi 11X, have a look at that to learn how to unlock it,
How to Unlock Mi 11X Bootloader
Step 3: Download Stock ROM and Extract Boot.img File
As the devices are new, so Xiaomi is yet to list the firmware to their official website, but thanks to a few developers, we already have the download links of this firmware.
- India (Xiaomi Mi 11X): Latest ROM
- China (Redmi K40): Latest ROM
- Europe (POCO F3): Latest ROM
- Global (POCO F3): Latest ROM
- After downloading the ROM, extract it using any compressing tool.
- Now, open the extracted folder/directory.
- And finally, navigate through the files and search for boot.img file, and copy it to less clutted place.
Step 4: Patch boot.img File via Magisk
Now, we are going to patch the boot.img file via magisk so that it can be used to root the device.
- First, go to this Github repo and install the latest Magisk Manager available. The latest release will be there under the asset section.
- Install the apk file and then open the Magisk Manager from the app drawer.
- On opening the Magisk Manager, you will notice a button named ‘Install’ in front of the Magisk section.
- Click on that button and then select the ‘Select and Patch a file’ radio button. This will open the file explorer, from there navigate to the previously extracted boot.img file.
- Select the boot.img file, and then let Magisk Manager patch the file.
- On successful completion, the Magisk Manager will automatically download the patch file. Save it in a safe place (the ADB directory on your PC will a perfect place).
Step 5: Boot into Fastboot Mode
- Now, connect your device to the PC where you setup the fastboot and ADB.
- Then, open the terminal. make sure that your Terminal is in the exact same folder your ADB tools are in, and then you can run the following command to launch the ADB daemon,
- After executing the above command, the device (serial number) will be listed in the terminal window.
- Now, type and execute the following command to open the bootloader (fastboot mode).
adb reboot bootloader
- Now, execute the following command to verify the fastboot mode.
- If you get the same serial number followed by the fastboot keyword that we got in the ABD mode, then the connection stands successful. [Don’t close the terminal window, we will be using the same terminal in the next step.]
Step 6: Root Xiaomi Mi 11X/POCO F3/Redmi K40 by Flashing the Patched File
Now, that we have copied the previously patched boot.img file (Step 5) in the ADB directory on our PC and the terminal (Step 6) is already opened, we will continue using the terminal for rooting the device.
- Type the following command in the terminal window and hit enter to execute it,
fastboot flash boot magisk_patched.img
- After completion, use the following command to reboot the device to system,
Will my data be wiped in between the process?
Yes, your data will be wiped in the bootloader unlocking process.
Will I receive any OTA update?
Yes, you will receive all the regular updates pushed by Xiaomi.
Will I be able to use all the payment apps?
Most of the time, you will be able to use the payment apps, but in case you face any issue, use the Magisk Hide feature to hide those apps from root.
Will I be able to stream Netflix in HD?
No, you will not be able to stream Netflix in HD as the Widevine L1 support will be downgraded to L3 while the bootloader unlocking process.
That was it, we have successfully learned all the necessary steps required to root Xiaomi Mi 11X/POCO F3/Redmi K40. I know, these steps were a bit tricky but that is for the first time, from next time, it will be a piece of cake.
In case you didn’t understand any step, or you can any other query regarding this article, then feel free to comment down below, we will be more than happy to assist you.